Burroughs Wellcome & Co.

Digger Odell Publications 2007

Burroughs Wellcome & Co.

Silas Maineville Burroughs born in Medina, N.Y. 1850 died of pneumonia at aged 45 February of 1895. He was senior partner in the firm of Burroughs & Wellcome, wholesale Pharmaceutists in London.

He received his early education in his native State, after which he entered the employ of Mr. E. T. Coann, at Albion, N. Y., as an apprentice to the drug business, remaining two years, and afterwards held positions in the drugstores of T. J. Chadwick, Lockport, N. Y., and S. H. T. Champlen, of Buffalo, N. Y. He came to Philadelphia and attended the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy, with Dr. E. P. Healy as his preceptor, and passed the examinations in March, 1877, number 22 in his class. His thesis was entitled, "Compression of Medicinal Powders." After his graduation he represented. the firm of John Wyeth & Bros. for many years, and left the firm to establish himself in business in London, England.

The American Journal of Pharmacy, April 1905

THE CAREER OF MR. WELLCOME.

Mr. Wellcome has had a most interesting and varied experience. He was born in Wisconsin, and spent his early boyhood days in the midst of the Dakota Indian tribes in Minnesota, the scene of Longfellow's Hiawatha. Later he participated in the great Sioux Indian War, when more than a thousand whites were massacred.

Mr. Wellcome's apprenticeship in pharmacy was served under an English chemist, in Garden City, on the frontier in Minnesota. His uncle was a famous physician and surgeon whom he often assisted in operations at a very early age, and quite naturally he at first thought of studying medicine, but later decided to become a pharmaceutical chemist. He then went to Rochester, Minn., with Poole and Geisinger and here made the acquaintance of the distinguished surgeon, Dr. William Mayo, who took a great deal of interest in him, and encouraged him in his studies, and among other kindnesses loaned the young student his books. In 1871 Mr. Wellcome went to Chicago, just after the great fire, and entered the employ of Thomas Whitfield, whose store was then located at Eighteenth and State Streets. Here he met Dr. F. B. Power, with whom he formed a strong friendship, and Prof. F. M. Goodman, Dean of the Chicago College of Pharmacy, who was then manager of Mr. Whitfield's store. He entered the Chicago College of Pharmacy, where he attended lectures for one year, but as young Power had come to Philadelphia to assume the directorship of Parrish's Laboratory, he decided, at the suggestion of the latter, to finish his course at the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy.. On coming to Philadelphia Mr. Wellcome took charge of Dr. Hershey's store, on North Fifth Street. He graduated in 1874, the subject of his thesis being '1 Urethral Suppositories." The mould devised by Mr. Wellcome for making these suppositories was exhibited at the Pharmaceutical Meeting on March 17, 1874.

Shortly after graduation Mr. Wellcome went to New York and took a position with Caswell, Hazard & Co., on Broadway. In 1876 Mr. Wellcome accepted a position with McKesson & Rob_ bins, and in the interests of this firm went to South America, where lie visited and studied the native cinchona forests which he d&scribed in a paper read before the American Pharmaceutical Association in 1879; also in an article published in the Popular Science Monthly. He conceived the idea that London would be an ideal place for a manufacturing chemist, and accordingly in 188o, in conjunction with the late Silas M. Burroughs, established the firm of Burroughs, Wellcome & Co., who have become noted all over the world as manufacturers of fine chemicals, alkaloids, pharmaceutical products, etc., etc. The keynote of this firm's success probably lies in their ready " recognition of scientific advancement and the adaptation of its results in their methods and work,"

Mr. Wellcome's efforts have not, however, been confined entirely to the development of applied science as carried on in their manufacturing laboratories, but he has established two independent research laboratories in London, the one being devoted to chemical research under the direction of Dr. F. B. Power, and the other to physiological research under the direction of Dr. Walter Dowson. In addition, Mr. Wellcome has also founded and endowed Research Laboratories in connection with the Gordon Memorial College, Khartoum, Soudan, which was opened on November 8, 1902. These laboratories are for the study of tropical diseases of bacteriological and parasitical origin, of both plant and animal life and for general chemical and physiological research. The investigations are under the direction of Dr. Andrew Balfour, and the report of the first year's work has been recently published by the Soudan Government.

At the St. Louis International Exposition, 1904, the jury awarded a grand prize and three gold medals to the Wellcome Chemical Research Laboratories for chemical and pharmacognostical research and for educational work, and a grand prize and a gold medal to the Wellcome Physiological Research Laboratories for bacteriological research and preparations, and for educational work, while three grand prizes and three gold medals were awarded to Burroughs, Wellcome & Co., for the scientific excellence of their products.

Along with the science of pharmacy Mr. Wellcome has also developed the art of pharmacy in a high degree, and in this he has been aided by his researches in the history of pharmacy and medicine, and the allied sciences.

Mr. Wellcome married the daughter of the distinguished London philanthropist, Dr. T. J. Barnardo; who has successfully rescued more than fifty thousand waifs from the miseries of the slums.

Mr. Wellcome is unpretentious and modest in demeanor, but genial and kindly, and this together with his magnanimity in promoting scientific research and his interests in public benefactions have won him a wide circle of friends, not only among scientific and business men, but also among those in other avocations.

GRAND PRIZES AND GOLD MEDALS.

November 24, 1904

Gratifying evidence of the recognition extended to British commercial enterprise, is furnished by the honors awarded by the committees on awards at the St Louis Exhibition to Burroughs Wellcome & Co.'s exhibit of the "Wellcome" brand of chemicals, "tabloids" and other pharmaceutical products and "tabloid" medical equipments. Three grand prizes and three gold medals have been conferred for the scientific excellence of these products.

This exhibit, one view of which is shown, may be found in Department C, Liberal Arts Building (British Chemical Section) of the World's Fair. It contains many interesting examples of the most recent developments in chemical and pharmaceutical work. The case, designed by the firm, is erected on a base of 121 square feet and is 12/ feet high. The framework is in aluminum bronze with plate glass sides and polished mahogany cornices. The interior decorations are of a soft pale blue. The arrangement is unique, being pyramidal from the base, and the ceiling is an inverted pyramid formed of hanging vases, the containers consisting of crystal glass cases of various original forms.

Among the "Wellcome" brand of chemicals, alkaloids, etc., shown are aconitine (pure crystallized alkaloid free from pseudaconitine and japaconitine) aloin, B. P., and aloin is well defined crystals, hismuth salicylate (physiologically pure and a notable improvement on preparations usually sold under GRAND PRIZES AND GOLD MEDALS.

Gratifying evidence of the recognition extended to British commercial enterprise, is furnished by the honors awarded by the committees on awards at the St Louis Exhibition to Burroughs Wellcome & Co.'s exhibit of the "Wellcome" brand of chemicals, "tabloids" and other pharmaceutical products and "tabloid" medical equipments. Three grand prizes and three gold medals have been conferred for the scientific excellence of these products.

This exhibit, one view of which is shown, may be found in Department C, Liberal Arts Building (British Chemical Section) of the World's Fair. It contains many interesting examples of the most recent developments in chemical and pharmaceutical work. The case, designed by the firm, is erected on a base of 121 square feet and is 12/ feet high. The framework is in aluminum bronze with plate glass sides and polished mahogany cornices. The interior decorations are of a soft pale blue. The arrangement is unique, being pyramidal from the base, and the ceiling is an inverted pyramid formed of hanging vases, the containers consisting of crystal glass cases of various original forms.

Among the "Wellcome" brand of chemicals, alkaloids, etc., shown are aconitine (pure crystallized alkaloid free from pseudaconitine and japaconitine) aloin, B. P., and aloin is well defined crystals, bismuth salicylate (physiologically pure and a notable improvement on preparations usually sold under this name), quinine sulphate, both in large flakes and in compact crystals, occupying one-third of the space, morphine salts, soluble manganese compounds, and many other fine chemicals and alkaloids

The historical element has not been neglected it Burroughs, Wellcome & Co.'s exhibit, for here one may note the portable medical outfits that have been carried by celebrated travelers "like the late Sir H. M. Stanley, Emin Pasha, Thos. Stevens Nansen, Peary, Wellman, the Duke of Abruzzi any other famous explorers." These "tabloid" medicine cases are not only interesting from these associations, but for the way in which they prove them capacity and that of their contents for the harries usage and the most trying climatic conditions.

The "tabloid" brand of products covers a wide range of combinations for the use of the physician hypodermic products, photographic chemicals, tea etc. Also worth- of mention are the famous "so bid" products, the series providing portable ape reliable antiseptics, astringents, anesthetics, any means of preparing stains for microscopic work any test solutions for water, sewage or urine analysis "Enule" rectal suppositories, "Hazeline" preparations and the "Kepler" malt products are presenter in an attractive manner, the whole exhibit being magnificent illustration of the place held by Bur roughs, Wellcome & Co. in the pharmaceutics world.